(E)lezioni Americane


Ieri notte ho partecipato ad un dibattito su uno dei temi più caldi nell’attualità politica americana, ovvero la decisione di alcuni stati (come il Tennessee) di rendere obbligatoria la presentazione di un documento di identità al momento del voto. Agli occhi di noi europei può sembrare una cosa scontata, ma molti esponenti liberali e democratici americani vedono in questi provvedimenti una restrizione della libertà di voto e una discriminazione per le minoranze dal momento che, non possedendo una tessera elettorale, non tutti i cittadini americani -specialmente i più poveri e anziani- non sarebbero in grado di procurarsi un documento d’identità alternativo (ad es. passaporto o patente).
Il tema è stato riproposto recentemente nel finale di stagione della nuova e criticatissima serie televisiva creata da Aaron Sorkin e prodotta dalla HBO, The Newsroom. Ed è stata proprio una delle star del telefilm, Thomas Sadoski, che interpreta il machiavellico produttore Don Keefer, ad accendere il dibattito su Twitter, ritwittando il giornalista Daniel Kreiss. Da qui è nato un confronto fra i diversi sistemi elettorali in Europa e negli Stati Uniti, presto sfociato in uno scambio di opinioni sull’utilità delle leggi pro-voter ID.

Ho cercato di selezionare i botta-e-risposta più significativi:

  1. kreissdaniel
    UNC Law Prof Kareem Crayton will be on @newshour soon talking about voter ID laws. Highly recommended. Live feed: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:30:35
  2. JulyMel
    @ThomasSadoski interesting topic considering it was in the Newsroom. I was surprised because I’ve always had to use an ID to vote in France
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:35:18
  3. JulyMel
    @ThomasSadoski this year will be my first time voting in the US and I had no idea some states don’t require an ID. It seems very weird to me
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:36:11
  4. lalaferla
    @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski Same for me. It was a surprise to discover that some states don’t require ID to vote. Here in Italy is obligatory.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:42:47
  5. boydsnoize
    @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski Same in the UK. Difference is that state will issue an electoral ID if you don’t have a driving licence or passport
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:37:57
  6. DavidGalvezHeat
    @boydsnoize @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski In spain you can’t vote without an ID (passport included) but it has to be non expired.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:47:41
  7. DavidGalvezHeat
    @boydsnoize @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski Also you need to be on a list based on census.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:48:20
  8. lalaferla
    @JulyMel @thomassadoski I think that the best solution for US is to give an electoral ID to every citizen, like it happens in all Europe.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:51:41
  9. RickJamesBrown1
    @JulyMel @thomassadoski agreed, I can’t get my car washed or play softball without an ID but to vote I just need to state my name. Crazy!
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:46:30
  10. JulyMel
    @ThomasSadoski I guess it’s just scary to me to imagine someone being able to go in and give my name to vote without proper checking.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:45:37
  11. simrainey
    @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski Sure, but many studies show that that scenario almost never ever ever occurs.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:44:28
  12. JulyMel
    @simrainey @ThomasSadoski I’ve done research & you are right it is rare. It’s the principle of it because there is a chance it could happen.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:51:14
  13. indabelle
    @JulyMel @lalaferla I encourage you to learn more about this very complex issue. There’s virtually no in-person voter fraud in the US.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:47:59
  14. indabelle
    @JulyMel @lalaferla any “electoral ID” system in the US would be constitutionally problematic & cost hundreds of millions of $ to implement.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:51:36
  15. DanG2
    @boydsnoize @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski Some states have raised the fee to get a license/id so they can say they didn’t raise income taxes.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:46:46
  16. DanG2
    @boydsnoize @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski Romney did that as Governor of Massachusetts. Pawlenty did it in Minnesota.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 15:47:34
  17. catshername
    @ThomasSadoski Last time I voted (in Ireland) I needed a polling card (issued to everyone on register) and proof of address so 1 vote only.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:46:32
  18. catshername
    @ThomasSadoski Even a cheque book/credit card will do if you also have proof of address. ID is important but not if it can exclude people.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:50:01
  19. JulyMel
    @catshername @ThomasSadoski I
    agree. I believe everyone should have a right to vote.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 16:59:05
  20. catshername
    @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski People agreeing and being civil on the Internet? This is a new experience. Let me bask.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 17:01:19
  21. joefisher
    @JulyMel @lalaferla @ThomasSadoski how about a game of Three card Monte at the polls? Find the queen, get your vote.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 17:20:22
  22. SlammerSue
    @JulyMel @lalaferla @ThomasSadoski There are VERY few instances of in-person voter fraud.This is a clear attempt2 disenfranchise minorities.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 20:17:16
  23. lalaferla
    @SlammerSue @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski if you are referring to the Tennessee law I agree with you,it’s discriminatory and I’m not defending it.
    Tue, Sep 04 2012 01:46:11
  24. lalaferla
    @SlammerSue @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski I was just pointing out how this sounds strange to me because in Italy we have electoral IDs.That’s all.
    Tue, Sep 04 2012 01:47:59
  25. SlammerSue
    @DanG2 @boydsnoize @JulyMel @ThomasSadoski BTW, driving,as many other things, is a privilege; voting is a RIGHT! End of story.
    Mon, Sep 03 2012 20:13:46

La cosa che più mi ha colpito è che l’idea di creare tessere elettorali venga vista solamente come uno spreco di soldi pubblici. Allo stesso tempo, però, ci si arrende all’evidenza che forse si tratta di una pura questione di principio, perché il numero di frodi elettorali è relativamente insignificante.

D’altronde, se quello americano è visto come uno dei sistemi elettorali più equi e democratici nel mondo, un motivo ci sarà.

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